The plan presented by the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (known by the Spanish-language acronym CICIG) focuses on four areas to improve the rule of law in the Latin American nation: reducing impunity rates, coordinating Government efforts to fight criminality, eradicating and preventing the emergence of illegal security forces, and raising awareness of the impact that impunity has on a democratic society. The United Nations and the Guatemalan Government set up CICIG in 2006 as an independent body to support the public prosecutors’ office, the national civilian police and other institutions to investigate a limited number of sensitive and difficult cases regarding illegal security groups and clandestine security organizations and also dismantle them. Based in Guatemala City, the capital, since it began operations in early 2008, CICIG seeks to bolster the rule of law and is permitted by its mandate to conduct independent investigations and help authorities bring representative cases to trial in national courts. Accompanying the presentation of the work plan to UN Member States was a high-level delegation of Guatemalan Government and judicial officials, including the nation’s Vice-President and Interior Minister, Attorney General and the presidents of the Congress and Supreme Court. During the plan’s presentation by Commissioner Francisco Javier Dall’Anese Ruiz, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, said the UN Secretariat greatly values the Commission’s work and believes the its efforts deserve the strong support of the international community. According to a new release issued by CICIG, the plan is backed by the Guatemalan authorities as well as Member States who have an interest in supporting the country’s justice system. In the news release, CICIG added that it has progressed greatly with regard to the investigation and criminal prosecution of cases of corruption, money laundering, extra-judicial killings and drug trafficking involving high-ranking State officials and former State officials, businesspersons and illegal drug traffickers. This has led to 135 persons being linked to proceedings on different charges, the Commission noted.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Last year the Telegraph disclosed how anti-doping checks at the Rio Olympics had descended into chaos after the process of sample collection was undermined by no-shows and security lapses.Organisers admitted to unauthorised individuals had gained access to restricted areas during the drug-testing process while a shortage of staff left many testers at breaking point, Some walked out because the pressure was so great.The problems last summer came just weeks after a damning report in which Russia was found guilty of state-sponsored doing at the 2014 Winter Olympics. Russia’s Liliya Shobukhova was ordered to repay almost £378,000 to the organisers of the London Marathon after being banned for dopingCredit: PA Wire The test, which asked athletes the question “Have you knowingly violated anti-doping regulations by using a prohibited substance or method in the past 12 months” had special checks in place to make sure it was completely anonymous.Half of those who took part were never asked the doping question to make sure it was impossible to know who had responded. But now the journal Sports Medicine has published the findings after deciding that the methods were scientifically sound, and a fair representation of the situation.“These findings suggest that biological testing greatly underestimates the true prevalence of doping in elite athletics,” said Harrison Pope, Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.“It indicates the need for future studies of the prevalence of doping in athletics using randomized response techniques to protect the anonymity of the athletes. Wada said that a working group will meet next month to discuss the latest study.“Given the numerous recent highly publicised doping scandals in major sports, one might guess that the proportion of such undetected cheats is high,” said Rolf Ulrich, co-author of the study from the University of Tübingen.Nicole Sapstead, Chief Executive of UK Anti-Doping, said that the findings were ‘disappointing and concerning.’However she added: “Significant improvements have taken place since 2011 when this data was collected. Testing methods continue to advance but testing is only one part of the anti-doping process.“There is now greater investment in educating elite and up and coming athletes about the dangers and consequences of taking banned substances, as well as a greater emphasis on intelligence and investigations as an alternative way of catching those who seek to break the rules.” Russia’s Ekaterina Galitskaya competing in the Stars of 2016 event in Moscow after athletes were banned from the Rio Olympics over evidence of state-sponsored dopingCredit:AFP Nearly half of professional athletes are using banned drugs or methods to enhance their performance, an anonymous survey has found.Harvard University asked more than 2,000 elite sportsmen and women who were competing at World Championships in Athletics (WCA) and Pan-Arab Games (PAG), whether they had broken the rules in the last 12 months.Nearly one third of WCA athletes admitted to violating anti-doping regulations and 45 per cent of those at the PAG, figures which were described as ‘disappointing and concerning’ by sports commentators.The statistics contradict biological tests or blood and urine which typically detect doping in only one to three per cent of competitors at elite events.The surveys were carried out at events in 2011 and commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada), but the results have only just be published following years of rows over the researchers’ methodology. John Brewer Professor of Sports Science at St Mary’s University, Twickenham, said: “It is always a concern when reports like this on the extent of doping in sport come to light, and once again the report highlights the need for Governments and International Federations to continue to invest in research, education and testing to combat doping. “I think the figures are unlikely to be a reflection of the situation today, and I am confident that as well as testing and punishments acting as a deterrent, we have on-going education programmes in most sports which highlight the fact that doping isn’t just cheating – it ruins lives and in many cases either shortens lives or ends them prematurely due to the harm that most banned substances do to the human body.” “Even though the paper refers to events that happened in 2011, there is no reason to think the rates of doping in 2017 would be any different.”The authors conclude that doping is ‘remarkably widespread’ among elite athletes but remains largely unchecked, in spite of sophisticated testing methods. They claim such prevalence not only compromises fair play, but could be detrimental to the health of athletes.