Weather Warning: Flood alert issued for Donegal

first_imgA status yellow rain warning has been issued for Donegal as heavy downpours are set to strike the county. Met Eireann has warned of a risk of localised flooding due to the incoming persistent rain.Heavy bursts of rain are forecast from Wednesday evening and all of Thursday. Rainfall amounts will be highest in coastal areas and on hills and mountains.The Status Yellow warning is in place for Donegal, Galway, Leitrim, Mayo and Sligo, from 2pm Wednesday until midnight on Thursday night.This afternoon & evening will be mostly cloudy, with outbreaks of rain and drizzle, most widespread across the northern half of the country, with some heavy bursts developing in parts of the west and northwest. Maximum temperatures 14 to 18C in moderate to fresh southwest winds pic.twitter.com/Kdhl2Jlnwd— Met Éireann (@MetEireann) May 29, 2019   Weather Warning: Flood alert issued for Donegal was last modified: May 29th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:rainweatherlast_img read more

Composting options considered for possible avian influenza losses

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest One of the main challenges posed by the avian flu outbreak that has impacted the U.S. poultry industry in the past year is how to safely and effectively dispose of potentially hundreds of thousands of birds killed as a result of infection and eradication efforts.“The U.S. strategy is to quickly identify the infected premises, depopulate, properly dispose of carcasses and manure, clean and disinfect the premises, and have 21 days of down time after cleaning before re-population can take place,” said Mohamed El-Gazzar, Ohio State University Extension’s poultry veterinarian. “As you might imagine, the logistics of depopulation and disposal are very challenging, particularly with the large-scale layer complexes, some of which have a capacity of more than 5 million birds.”In 2015, this strategy has resulted in the culling of 7.5 million turkeys and 42.1 million egg-layer and pullet chickens, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.While the avian flu outbreak has not impacted Ohio poultry, experts with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University have been helping poultry producers learn about the disease, boost biosecurity measures on the farm, and prepare to minimize the flu’s impact if it were to reach the state.To address the challenge of safe disposal in the event of an outbreak, El-Gazzar sought the collaboration of Fred Michel, a biosystems engineer with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center OSU Extension composting specialist.Michel said there are four ways to dispose of such large numbers of dead animals at a time: incineration, onsite burial, landfilling and composting.“Incineration is difficult and expensive and there is not sufficient capacity,” he said. “Onsite burial is a possibility, but the areas where many Ohio poultry farms are located (Darke and Mercer counties) have high water tables and there may be issues with ground water contamination.“Landfilling can be effective, but it increases the risk of spreading the disease to other areas during transportation. So onsite composting seems to be the best option, as it would prevent contamination of water, effectively destroy the pathogen and eliminate the risk of spreading the disease to other farms.”However, Michel said, there were some issues that needed to be addressed when he started considering a plan for on-farm composting of large numbers of birds.“Fact sheets on composting birds currently available around the country only address the process of composting a few birds at a time, not the large number involved in a catastrophic event,” he said. “So we had to come up with the right formula and method to make this type of composting work.”Additionally, composting hundreds of thousands of birds at commercial farms would require a large amount of carbon-rich amendment material, such as sawdust, wood chips, yard trimmings or straw.“For composting to be done right, you need a carbon-rich, dry feedstock,” Michel said. “Birds are low in carbon and too wet. So an amendment material is needed to compost them.”For egg-laying operations, Michel designed a slab composting method that includes a 1- to 2-foot base of wood chips or mulch, followed by layers of chickens, finished compost and mulch. The top and sides of the slab are covered with amendment material, which insulates the slab and helps prevent leakage and odors.A pile measuring 7 feet high, 100 feet long and 100 feet wide — approximately one-fourth of an acre — would be needed to compost 150,000 birds at the same time, Michel said. Such a pile would require approximately 2,600 cubic yards of amendment material.“The pile is left without mixing for at least two weeks,” Michel said. “The temperature generated by the composting process will kill the virus. After this, the pile could be left to further degrade or be turned.”For broilers and turkeys, the method of composting would vary because of different production practices.“You could just use the bedding material that’s already in the broiler or turkey houses and mix the dead birds in. Then you make a windrow (a long, low heap of composted material) inside the facility,” Michel said.In addition to developing a spreadsheet for the design of large-scale poultry composting based on the slab method, Michel created an online map that includes the location and contact information for businesses that sell amendment materials. All of this information is available on the Ohio Composting and Manure Management (OCAMM) program’s website: www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/ocamm/.Besides being a safe and environmentally friendly way for producers to dispose of dead birds in the event of an avian flu outbreak, composting would also generate a good fertilizer product that the farms could use for their crops, Michel said.Since November 2014, the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5 has resulted in the death of some 50 million birds from commercial and backyard flocks in 21 states, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.Originally spread by wild waterfowl, the virus has impacted turkey and chicken producers in the West and Midwest. Heavy losses to egg farms in Iowa — the nation’s No. 1 producer of eggs until the current outbreak decimated production there — have sent egg prices soaring across the United States, more than doubling in some parts of the country. The outbreak has also led to a spike in the price of turkey products.Ohio’s poultry industry is worth $2.3 billion and directly supports more than 14,600 jobs, according to the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Nationally, Ohio ranks ninth in turkey production and for a time during the outbreak surpassed Iowa as the top egg producer.last_img read more

‘Gavaskar provided all the oxygen and blood to the Indian cricket edifice’

first_imgThe Run MachineHad there been a Nobel Prize in sports, the committee would not have hesitated in giving it to Sunil Gavaskar (“Making History”, November 30). Statisticians have been amazed more by this ‘Little Master’ than Miss Universe! I for one would rather count the stars than the runs accumulated,The Run MachineHad there been a Nobel Prize in sports, the committee would not have hesitated in giving it to Sunil Gavaskar (“Making History”, November 30). Statisticians have been amazed more by this ‘Little Master’ than Miss Universe! I for one would rather count the stars than the runs accumulated by this run-machine – it is far more easier to do so.Hyderabad N. RameshThe difference between Gavaskar and Bradman is only the difference between super and superb.Gorakhpur Jayant MukherjeeGavaskar provided all the oxygen and blood to the Indian cricket edifice and raised it to the dizzy heights of popularity. Despite being discarded from the captaincy, he remained unruffled. While equalling Sir Don’s record, he underlined the fact that one not only needs skill and talent but determination and the will to reach the top.New Delhi Shashi Kant GuptaAfter breaking so many cricket records, Gavaskar insists that ‘I just go out and play”. This shows his honesty, concentration and dedication to the game. Long live our own Bradman!Bombay Umesh KhugaonkarRaj Kumar Dungarpur has aptly re-christened Sunil Manohar Gavaskar as Sunil Manohar Recordkar. India ought to be proud of the man who has now become the highest scorer of runs in the history of Test cricket.Chandigarh Prem SinghWhen a cricketer is judged by the number of runs scored and centuries made, Sunil Gavaskar’s apex position in the field is unquestionable. However, if it comes to batting under pressure or the number of Tests a batsman has saved, then it is Vishwanath who square-drives Sunny to the (de)fence!advertisementBangalore Ramanand SharmaI appeal to Gavaskar through your columns to think of retiring only after hitting at least 10.000 runs in Tests. I would like him to hit at least 36 centuries. He can do both before he is 38.Madras V.N. NarayanaswamyThe cover story was a real tribute to the Little Master for his magnificent performance.Ahmedabad H.B. AntaniNot CatchingBy publishing eye-catchers like the one on Gauri and Ambar (November 30), you are not giving us the value for our money.Falna Surendra GulzarBig BeefIndian politicians seem to believe that discovering a new controversial issue like beef tallow does more for national unity than coming up with solutions to the Assam and Punjab problems (Comment. November 30). As you’ve pointed out, beef tallow has been in use in India for two decades and most people know about it.The Congress(I) and the Janata Party are blaming each other for it, but what are we supposed to do? It is now up to the politicians to defuse this tallow bomb soon because we can ill-afford a Hindu Bhindranwale. Ahmedabad Ketan YagnikCabinet CapersIt is true that most of the new ministers in Bihar have a sullied image (“‘Expansion Backlash”. November 30). By inducting corrupt people into the Cabinet it seems that the Government is rewarding them for the corruption. Whatever happened to the Government’s recent announcement that all those with tainted reputations will be dismissed from the ministry?Patna Dr K. P. SinghHealth HazardThe only way the Government can stop the so-called health clubs (“Parlour Games”. November 30) from doing a booming business is by restricting flesh trade to one area in Madras, like it is in Bombay’s Falkland Road. Madras M. Haroon RasheedBombay BluesBombay once enjoyed the reputation of being the “Jewel of the East”, but it has lost a II its splendour (“Bombay on the Brink,”November 15). The poor live in wretched slums. The middle class live in murky hovels, eat devitaminised food with no proper place even for relieying.Now that you have brought this to the nation’s notice, maybe somebody will do something about it. Bombay Hasan S. SitabkhanBombay – these days better known as Slumbay – is a nightmare for the rich and the poor alike. Undoubtedly, the Government and the vested interests are responsible for the city’s plight. Decongestion is the only answer. Yet, when the textile mills wanted to shift out, the Government shot down the proposal.Things have come to such a pass that people no longer believe that the authorities are capable of setting things right.Bombay S. E. MeerzaYour cover story has rightly zoomlensed the woes and worries of Bombay. Once a golden city, it has now become a city of slums, sickness and street squatters. Can anybody really save Bombay?Bombay S.G. AgteBombay is a city opposed to all Gandhian ideals. The city’s film industry produces films that depict sex, violence and crime to an alarming degree. Its textile mills produce synthetic cloth which is affecting our village cottage indusries.advertisementIts advertising agencies create ads which show the ideal Indian woman as being one with a fair skin, brown hair and dressed in western clothes. Bombay needs to be saved morally too. But, maybe, it’s too late.New Delhi Aban BanaI have a six-point formula to save Bombay:Stop influx of fresh migrants to the city by enacting suitable laws.Shift all major establishments, like head offices of banks, railways. Life Insurance Corporation, Shipping Corporation of India, the State Trading Corporation of India etc to New Bombay or to the Bandra-Kurla complex.Shift all the worn-out mills out of Bombay and provide accommodation for workers at new locations.Shift rail and truck terminals to Bandra-Kurla-Chembur area.Establish a good railway station and trunk terminal at New Bombay to make it an effective counter magnet. All wholesale markets for cloth vegetables, spices, cereals etc must be shifted to New Bombay.Establish enough schools, colleges, cinemas, shopping centres and recreational amenities.Bombay K. V. SatyamurtyEnragedWas it for lack of something better that “Rage Of The Stage” was featured in the Arts section (November 15)? There is a lot happening in the arts that’s more meaningful than the mundane and gimmick-ridden affair like Amitabh Bahahan’s.You would do well to leave such coverage to magazines of suspect intelligence and give your readers something that has substance. New Delhi Ashish KhokarCardin FantasyJust reading about Pierre Cardin and his creations (November 15) gave me a feeling of elegance. I hope the Cardin fantasy will be a reality in India which has a vast market and resources to be explored. Calcutta Soumitra DeyTreasuring The PastThe Central Government should order an inquiry into why the jewels of Kashmir (November 15) were kept hidden in a vault and remained secret for so many years. There’s no harm in getting them valued by experts but they must not be sold because they represent history and a solid proof of the lifestyle and glory of the days of Indian kings and maharajahs. Bombay Quaid Z. NajmiAesthetic AwarenessYour article on the Belgian Embassy, designed by Satish Gujral (November 15) is a service to society. Public awareness regarding the physical environment, whether it be architecture or its allied fields, is of utmost importance in setting higher standards of excellence.The creation of an awake, opinionated public depends much upon the exposure it receives to such issues as are maligning a large portion of our urban environment. Examples of works contributing to the urban fabric, too, go a long way towards generating a desire to experience a qualitative improvement in the physical setting around oneself.New Delhi Avik RoySatish Gujral’s building is sculpture, not architecture. It is no more than a beautiful piece of jewellery. He says that a building should stand as an image to rejuvenate you. But it is difficult to see what image inspired the design of the Belgian Embassy. Its exterior looks more like a cross between the arches of the Link Road Burning Ghat and the burial tombs of ancient Egypt – buildings to die in rather than sculptures to live in.advertisementThe embassy building represents in all its grossness and vulgarity what a building should not be – an ego trip for the artist and the client. Gujral has very successfully reduced architecture to mere sculpture, an object of art. Devote less space to such frivolous ventures and more to the real issues of architecture.New Delhi Gautam BhatiaRich RewardsThe poverty-stricken countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America have become the hunting grounds for art collectors of the rich countries of Europe and America (“Diamonds Are Forever,” November 15). All the world’s rarest artefacts will inevitably migrate to these countries. The only consolation is that these objects may be better preserved there than in the countries of their origin.Calcutta R. GuhaCourting TroubleApropos the article “Unsettling Precedent”, (November 15) about the transfer of Justice P. Subramaniam Poti to the Gujarat High Court and the boycotting of the court by the lawyers it is very clear that the Congress(I) Government wants a committed judiciary, captive press, yesmen, a spineless bureaucracy, sycophants and politicians loyal only to “her” and her progeny to establish her dynastic rule in the democratic socialist India.Bangalore JayaramFollowing The ChiefYou criticised N.T. Rama Rao for making the party a family concern (“A Crucial Battle,” November 15). But it is nothing new for us. He is just following in the footsteps of the Nehru family who have been making the entire nation and the Congress party a family concern since more than three decades.Why is Rajiv treated as he is… why does the press give the Gandhi family so much unwarranted coverage… why are they telecast on Doordarshan at prime time?The answers to the above questions are in the reply to your criticism of Rama Rao giving room to his family members.Mrs Gandhi defends the monopoly of the Nehru family by saying that they have served India with dedication, sincerity and hard work – as if they are the only people capable of doing this. Why does Mrs Gandhi not put forward into politics any other person (from outside her family) who has the above qualities? Bakhtaran, Iran K. J. ReddiShameless TacticsIn reference to your article “Bidding for Power” (November 15), the shameless and unethical tactics employed to topple any elected government are disgusting and scorn-worthy. Defection is a cancer to democracy. It destabilises the stable government. Hence defection must be banned at any cost and only the people can come to the rescue by forcing the Government to enact legislation to prevent the evil. Mehsana, Gujarat K. K. Chaudharylast_img read more