County handing over reins of road project

first_img Facebook Twitter WhatsApp WhatsApp Twitter Local News Pinterest Facebookcenter_img By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 County handing over reins of road project TAGS  Previous article041619_OHS_LEE_03Next article043019_Peaceful_Protest_JF_03 Digital AIM Web Support Pinterest Ector County is looking at widening 56th Street near Compass Academy Charter School because of increased traffic. Ector County Commissioners are tying up loose ends on the 56th Street widening project after the City of Odessa annexed the area into the city earlier this year. The former county street was located in Precinct 2 and was in the process of being widened to accommodate school traffic near Compass Academy Charter School on Billy Hext Road. Highways and Streets Director Evans Kessey said county officials were told by parents of Compass students that they were having trouble dropping their children off at school. Ector County Sheriff Mike Griffis said his office would often receive calls about the traffic. Kessey said development in the area is increasing, which is generating some congestion. Compass Academy has more than 1,100 students spanning grades kindergarten through ninth and the school anticipates more growth in coming years. “We have a lot of parents that are dropping off their kids,” Jason Inman, Compass Academy middle school principal, said. “We don’t do any bus service so every parent has to basically bring their kids in and drop them off and there’s quite a bit of traffic in the mornings that’s for sure. Commissioners previously approved surveying and engineering services for the pavement widening project at a cost of $98,600 and the awarded contract amount was $731,863. Thus far, the county has invested about $94,350 into the widening project. Kessey said the City benefits by not having to pay for extra engineering services that the county had already completed, but they would absorb the remaining costs such as service fees associated with utility relocation. He said the widening project was flagged as a high priority for the county but he discovered in a meeting with city officials following the annexation that it ranked much lower on their list. Kessey said there is a possibility that the project will not come to fruition. The Court passed a motion Tuesday that no further work on 56th Street would be authorized by the county. Precinct 2 Commissioner Greg Simmons said the contract with construction company Reece Albert would be held in place until the City decides if they want to take over the contract. He said the public is expecting 56th Street to be widened. “We intend that the impact of traffic will be greater,” City Manager Michael Marrero said, “and from a traffic control standpoint that’s an area that we see a lot of activity and one we hope to focus on in the future. The road is now annexed so we think the long-term benefit of that is greater maintenance of that road that is in a developing, growing area.”last_img read more

Jaguars on victory path after Permaul destroys Red Force with seven for 28

first_imgPORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, (CMC) — Veerasammy Permaul celebrated his call-up to the West Indies Twenty20 squad with the 21st five-wicket haul of his first class career, as Guyana Jaguars installed themselves as firm favourites to win their seventh round match in the Regional four-day championship against Trinidad and Tobago Red Force here Sunday.The 27-year-old left-arm spinner, named in the Windies squad to face Pakistan later this month, claimed seven for 28, a spell which sent the hosts tumbling for a hugely disappointing 183 in their second innings, on the penultimate day of the contest at Queen’s Park Oval.Set a paltry 56 for victory, Jaguars ended the day on three without loss, within touching distance of their second successive win.Earlier, tail-ender Romario Shepherd gathered his maiden half-century in only his second first class game as Jaguars, resuming on 246 for eight, were eventually dismissed for 330 — a healthy lead of 128 runs.Raymon Reifer, unbeaten on exactly 50 at the start, added only five before perishing in the day’s ninth over but Shepherd hit six fours in an 85-ball knock to see Jaguars past 300.Significantly, he put on 57 for the final wicket with Youth World Cup star Keemo Paul whose unbeaten 27 came from 37 deliveries and included three fours and a six.Fast bowler Marlon Richards (4-57) and left-arm spinner Bryan Charles (4-91) finished with four wickets apiece.Batting a second time, Red Force never really recovered from losing their captain Kyle Hope to the second ball of the innings, bowled by fellow Barbadian Raymon Reifer without a run on the board, and collapsed to 183 all out.Isaiah Rajah top-scored with 40, Yannic Cariah got 30 while Evin Lewis and Richards chipped in with 25 apiece.However, Red Force struggled to find partnerships and a stand of 48 for the second between Rajah and Lewis was the best of the innings.The left-handed Rajah, who faced 84 balls and counted four boundaries, added a further 39 for the fourth wicket with Cariah but the partnership proved in vain as Permaul wrecked the innings.RED FORCE innings 202Jaguars 1st Innings(overnight 246 for eight)S Hetmyer c Pierre b Charles 15R Chandrika c Cariah b Richards 17D Bishoo c wkp Katwaroo b Richards 39A Fudadin c & b Charles 57*L Johnson c wkp Katwaroo b Richards 7V Singh c Mohammed b Pierre 22R Reifer c Richards b Charles 55+A Bramble lbw b Charles 4V Permaul lbw b Richards 24R Shepherd b Pierre 53K Paul not out 27Extras (b8, w1, nb1) 10TOTAL (all out, 124 overs) 330Fall of wicket: 1-27, 2-47, 3-136, 4-144, 5-149, 6-196, 7-201, 8-243, 9-273, 10-330.Bowling: Richards 25-10-57-4, Philip 9-1-34-0, Charles 37-8-91-4, Imran Khan 25-1-88-0, Pierre 13-0-35-2, Mohammed 15-5-17-0.RED FORCE 2nd Innings*K Hope b Reifer 0E Lewis c Fudadin b Bishoo 25I Rajah lbw b Bishoo 40J Mohammed c wkp Bramble b Permaul 2Y Cariah lbw b Permaul 30I Khan c wkp Bramble b Permaul 28+S Katwaroo lbw b Permaul 4K Pierre c wkp Bramble b Permaul 19M Richards lbw b Permaul 25B Charles not out 1A Phillip lbw b Permaul 0Extras (b5, lb2, w1, nb1) 9TOTAL (all out, 57.5 overs) 183Fall of wickets: 1-0, 2-48, 3-52, 4-91, 5-123, 6-129, 7-140, 8-172, 9-183, 10-183.Bowling: Reifer 5-1-21-1, Permaul 25.5-9-48-7, Shepherd 8-0-33-0, Bishoo 16-2-68-2, Johnson 3-0-6-0.JAGUARS 2nd Innings (target: 56 runs)S Hetmyer not out 2R Chandrika not out 1TOTAL (without loss, 4 overs) 3Bowling: Richards 2-0-3-0, Phillip 2-2-0-0.Position: Jaguars require 53 runs for victory with all 10 wickets intact.last_img read more

You Can Skip This Chore

first_imgI asked my neighbor who hoses off his air conditioner condenser every spring why he does it. “Because my dad always told me I had to,” he said. Conventional wisdom like what my neighbor’s dad imparted may always seem right. But through my HVAC scholarship — the study of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems — I’ve learned that this particular presumption is probably wrong. Dirty equipment The equipment I’m talking about washing is the outdoor part of central air-conditioning systems that move heat from homes into the outdoors.RELATED ARTICLESStupid Energy-Saving TipsAir ConditioningDon’t Hire a Cleaning Crew to Wash Your Solar PanelsSeven Reasons Your Filter Isn’t Cleaning the AirThe Basics of HVAC Zoning Technically known as condenser coils, they are usually about the size of a large garbage can but they can be as small as a bucket or as big as a refrigerator. Some are protected by louvered grilles but most are exposed to the elements. Their metal fins help transfer heat to the air. They contain tubes that carry hot refrigerant, which gives off heat as it condenses. Stuff like windblown seeds, dust and grass clippings tends to collect on the coil surface. Most homeowners and HVAC companies envision that this untidy-looking stuff acts like an insulating blanket, slowing down the passage of heat from inside to outside. Any debris that accumulates would also interfere with airflow over the coil, further restricting the system’s ability to expel heat. The nitty-gritty Mehdi Mehrabi, an architectural engineering graduate student, and I set out to learn the extent to which dirty residential air conditioners are less efficient than clean ones. What we found astonished us – and many of the other experts in this field. Previous work on this question simulated outdoor dirt with synthetic materials in a laboratory setting, or used reduced airflow as a proxy for the effects of dirty coils. Although it’s necessary to carefully to control operating conditions, we took a novel approach: collecting condensers that had gotten dirty through ordinary residential use, and bringing them to the lab for study with a special test apparatus. This meant that they were coated in real-world dust and other crud in everyday amounts. We tested the dirty air conditioners, then washed them thoroughly with a garden hose and tested again. We also used a commercial coil cleaning fluid and tested them for a third time. Close-up of 7 grams of dirt per square foot on an air conditioner condenser and that same condenser after it’s cleaned. [Photo credit: Mehdi Mehrabi, CC BY-SA] Surprisingly, we found that dirty air conditioner condensers often perform better than clean ones. The change in condenser coil heat transfer performance ranged from a 7% increase to a 7% decrease for the coils we tested. The average change was … none at all. Close-up of 17 grams of dirt per square foot on an air conditioner condenser and that same condenser after it’s cleaned. [Photo credit: Mehdi Mehrabi, CC BY-SA] The coil that registered a 7% improvement after getting cleaned up looked quite dirty, with 7 grams of dirt per square foot of coil surface area. But the coil that performed 7% worse was even dirtier, with 17 grams of dirt per square foot. It was so filthy, in fact, that it was nearly impossible to see the metal fins before we gave it a wash. Most of the condenser coils we tested in the lab were cleaner than both of those. No insulating blanket To see how the equipment’s performance could improve by getting dirty, we did further testing. That next round of study suggested that the accumulated dirt stirs up the air passing over the condenser coils. Technically called “turbulence,” these little gusts can transfer heat away from the coil better. For some coil designs, this can cause the equipment to perform better when it’s dirty than when it’s clean. This is true even when the dirt has reduced the airflow rate. If your home has one of these things, you are probably wondering whether you should you wash your own condenser. Here’s what you should know. Cleaning your air conditioner might make it run better. It might make it run worse. But it probably won’t make any difference. I now personally believe in skipping this task, unless the coil is so dirty that it’s hard to see the metal fins. Although, if it will make you feel better, go ahead and hose it down. To be honest, that’s what I plan to do from now on. Letting go of deep-seated beliefs of any kind is hard, whether it’s that dieting makes you lose weight in the long run — something recent studies do not support — or if this particular home maintenance ritual is justified. As news of our findings spreads, I’m bracing for some unpleasant responses from people who might lose out if the condenser-cleaning business dries up and others who simply refuse to accept that there was no basis for the conventional wisdom on this question.   David Yuill is an assistant professor of architectural engineering at the  University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.last_img read more

Will Gear Companion Apps Change the Game for Lone Wolf Filmmakers?

first_imgYes, There Are Even Apps for SlidersWe talk a lot about sliders around here — the best traveling sliders, motion controlled sliders, heavy duty sliders, and so on. But a new addition to the slider category are those sliders that you can operate via an app. I’m still using a slider that I acquired in 2010, and if you would have told me then that in just a decade, I would be able to control a slider from my phone, I would have laughed. But, it’s 2019, and you can do precisely that with Edelkrone’s App for the Slider Plus.You can read about the slider here, but, when it comes to the app, it allows you to fully customize the slider’s tracking movement — from distance to speed. And when you pair it with the Edelkrone HeadOne or HeadPlus, you can also control the tilt and pan movement. Not only does this enable low-budget filmmakers to create complicated VFX that require precise robotic camera movement, but it (very simply) allows one to self-present to a moving camera.Are the gear companion apps on the market currently capable of solving all of a lone wolf filmmaker’s needs? Somewhat. While the apps are smart and dependable, you need to use them in conjunction with the gear itself. You can use Blackmagic’s Camera Control app to start recording, but you still need to watch the monitor. You can use Sound Device’s Wingman to monitor the audio levels, but you still need to be near the MixPre-6 to adjust the gain. Gear apps have certainly been growing in popularity over the last few years, and I don’t think it will be too long until you can control all aspects of a shoot — visual, sound, movement — from your iPad.Cover image via EdelkroneLooking for more on film and video production gear? Check out these articles.4 Older Cinema Cameras That Hold Up to Today’s StandardsProduction Tip: How to Calculate Power for Your CameraIs the GoPro 7 Black the Best Action Camera on the Market?Review: DaVinci Resolve 16’s Cut Page — Is It Any Good?Stabilizing Your Camera Movement: Gimbals vs. Steadicams Gear companion apps have come a long way, and they’re only getting better. So can they stand in for crew when you’re shooting solo?If you were to scroll through the archives of my lone-wolf and no-budget filmmaking guides here on PremiumBeat, you would see a consistent theme: gear recommendations for the ultimate “shreditor.” The gear needs to be compact, lightweight, and operable by one person. Despite all these recommendations, there’s just always a moment when you could do with an extra pair of hands. Perhaps to pan the camera as you move through the frame (if self-presenting), or to change the gels of the Fresnel fixture. Well, gear companion apps are slowly becoming the extra pair of hands a solo filmmaker needs.What are companion apps? They’re smartphone or tablet applications that improve the accessibility of your equipment. I’ve previously covered Panasonic’s Image App, which pairs with Panasonic’s GH camera series. It’s arguably one of the best companion apps I’ve used — from sourcing a live feed to refocusing and changing the aperture. For those who self-present, it’s like having an assistant.I should say that not every piece of equipment has accompanying apps, and not every app works quite as well as the Image App. In fact, in my initial write-up of Panasonic’s image app, I prefaced my thoughts with Companion apps are often pointless additions to make it feel like you’re getting more for your equipment-purchasing money. They rarely offer any new features, other than a visual representation of the user information, found inside the hardware. And this is still partly true.Nonetheless, we’re seeing an increase in gear shipping with compatible apps — as well as gear in development that will require a companion app to unlock all features.So, will apps ever replace missing crew members?What Do We Need from Sound Apps?I have a Sound Devices MixPre-6 for recording audio. It’s a $900, semi-professional, six-channel field mixer and recorder. It’s a fantastic device that allows me to set up multiple microphones that I can monitor — and individually mix — while on location. It’s perfect for when I want to head into the wilderness and capture the remote sounds of an isolated forest. (Try explaining that as a hobby.) However, when it comes to short films, passion projects, or just about anything that needs consistent monitoring, I have to sweet-talk my friend, who is a professional sound recordist, into operating my gear. If I’m in front of the camera, the person creating the sound effects, or just operating the camera in general, I’m going to be unable to mix the audio.Thankfully, Sound Devices has an app called Wingman, available for iOS and Android devices. This app allows you to monitor the audio (in real time) with visual levels relating to your number of channels. You can edit the metadata of the file and send a report to an email address. And, most importantly, you can hit record and stop from the app itself. So what does this do for you?Well, often, when self-presenting content online, you’re more than likely going to be using a microphone fed into the camera. However, if you’re recording sound on a separate device, you’re going to have to hit record long before stepping into the frame. While not a world-ending prospect, it’s going to eat up memory, and after each take, you need to move away from your position to end the take. Unless you’re willing to sift through the hours of audio in one long file, these are all great elements in an app. However, we’re missing a significant element — the ability to adjust the audio gain.I believe the reason why this isn’t included is that the MixPre-6 gain knobs have a limited range. You can’t continuously rotate them. The knob starts at 7 o’clock and ends at 4 o’clock. As a result, if you were to adjust the gain levels on the app, the knob position on the MixPre-6 wouldn’t correlate. While this is a downside to the Wingman App, Tascam’s DR app does allow for gain changes, along with the other features included in Wingman.We have an app that can edit metadata, start and stop recording, and (if you’re using the Tascam app) even adjust the audio gain. All these factors allow a filmmaker to move away from the audio device and concentrate on something else.What Do We Need for Camera Apps? The GH5 has a handy app that allows you to adjust all variables of the camera’s settings. But, as I covered in the write-up, that app was primarily a photography app. Blackmagic, however, does have a designated app for their cameras that have integrated Bluetooth.The app is aptly called Camera Control, and as you might have guessed, it controls the camera. You can adjust 99 percent of the recording properties from the app — from the aperture and frame rate to the white balance and ISO. The app even includes a metadata page where you can quickly add shot information (more easily than on the URSA Pro or BMPCC4K small LCD screen). I find myself using this app to quickly tag a good take.As I said in the introduction, this app is essentially a glorified version of the camera’s menu interface. It’s useful when the menu is inaccessible due to the camera’s position or setup, but it doesn’t offer much for the solo filmmaker. This primarily goes for all apps that band with professional cinema cameras. Perhaps it’s because the data information, and the technology to stream a live feed via Bluetooth (whether that includes low quality and dropped frame rates) just doesn’t exist, at this point. When you do use remote live viewing, whether from Canon’s app or Panasonic’s, it’s never truly live. There’s always a slight delay.last_img read more

Tams rip Eagles, force do-or-die

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Tolentino anchored the Tamaraws’ strong start, while Cani sparkled in the last two quarters as FEU lived to fight another day, while dealing Ateneo its second straight loss of the season, counting the setback to rival La Salle at the end of the second round of the eliminations.“I don’t feel any regret transferring to FEU and wishing I was still with Ateneo, because they (Tamaraws) accepted me wholeheartedly,” said Tolentino in Filipino.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“The FEU mentality, the spirit, I’ve already adopted it at the start of the season.”The rubber match, which will determine La Salle’s opponent in the best-of-three finals, is set this Wednesday at Mall of Asia Arena. No taming the mighty Red Lions Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles03:16UAAP Season 80 Preview: Ateneo Blue Eagles02:36Archers, Eagles favorites to win UAAP Season 8001:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games View comments CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA LATEST STORIES QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netIt’s been two years years since Arvin Tolentino and Hubert Cani left Ateneo for Far Eastern University, but the duo made sure the Blue Eagles felt the impact of their departure with the Tamaraws’ season on the line.Returning to haunt their former team, Tolentino and Cani starred in each half as the Tamaraws dealt the top seed Eagles a stunning 80-67 defeat on Sunday night to forge a do-or-die clash for the second finals seat of UAAP Season 80 at Smart Araneta Coliseum.ADVERTISEMENT “I didn’t want my UAAP career to finish today,” said Dennison.“I want to play in the finals. In our last practice, I told the team to give everything and leave our fears behind.”The Tamaraws played with a spring in their step, closing out on Ateneo’s gunners, while beating them to offensive rebounds on the other end, particularly in the second half, where they had 14 second-chance points.Richard Escoto had nine points and grabbed five offensive boards, typifying FEU’s workmanlike display on both ends of the floor.“Definitely, this is our best game,” said Racela. “We were confident that we can finish strong. But what we did was take Ateneo’s twice-to-beat advantage. But we’ll have to play better them again on Wednesday.” Kris Aquino ‘pretty chill about becoming irrelevant’ MOST READ Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa “It’s a sweet win, of course, but as coach Olsen (Racela) said, this game is finished and we have to focus on the next game,” said Cani, who poured eight of his 11 points in the second half.“We know Ateneo is difficult to beat because they’re a very disciplined team.”Ron Dennison fired 17 points and grabbed eight boards for the Tamaraws, who held the Eagles to a season low output in what FEU Racela described as his team’s best game of the season yet.On his final year for the Tamaraws, Dennison said he was determined to prolong his career to one more game.Dennison’s play rubbed off on his teammates as they seized control early and stopped every Ateneo counter in the second half where the Tamaraws led by as much as 17 points on Cani’s triple with under three minutes remaining.ADVERTISEMENT Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Read Nextlast_img read more

Govt, Opposition strike deal on smooth conduct of Parliament

first_imgThe monsoon session of Parliament will not be a washout like previous sessions. In a major compromise struck between the government and the opposition, both sides have agreed on a way out.  The government has agreed for a debate under rule 184 on price rise. There is a provision for voting under this rule. As a result, Parliament will function normally from Wednesday. The breakthrough was announced by JD(U)’s Sharad Yadav after a series of interactions.  The first two days of the monsoon session have gone the winter session way. The government has a huge number of bills that is awaiting parliamentary clearance, but the House hasn’t been able to conduct any business so far. For the second day in a row, there was turbulence in both Houses, which were adjourned after three disruptions. NDA convenor Sharad Yadav told reporters, “Samjhaauta ho gaya (We have reached a compromise).”   Earlier, a torrent of issues ranging from price rise to demand for dismissal of Mayawati government and immediate execution of Ajmal Kasab and Afzal Guru on Monday drowned the second day of the monsoon session of Parliament. The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha were adjourned for the day at 1400 hrs after two earlier adjournments with BJP, BSP, SP and Shiv Sena members storming the Well on diverse issues. The Left and the Right raised the issue of price rise with the BJP led by M. Venkaiah Naidu making a strong pitch in the Rajya Sabha for suspension of Question Hour to discuss the matter. Inflation in June stood at 9.44 per cent. Left parties in the Lok Sabha had given a notice for an adjournment motion on the issue of price rise. In the melee, Sports Minister Ajay Maken made a statement on the irregularities in the hosting of Commonwealth Games last year in which he sought to drag in the erstwhile NDA regime. Maken said the then NDA government had bypassed the Delhi government and made the Centre responsible for all financial and infrastructural obligations which was against established norms. It was trouble from the beginning in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha as BJP members in the Upper House and those from the BSP, SP and Shiv Sena in the Lower House raised several issues simultaneously by storming the well. Both the Houses were first adjourned for nearly an hour till noon and then till 2 PM because of the ruckus.  – With inputs from PTIadvertisementlast_img read more

9 months agoMilik: Napoli can match Juventus

first_imgMilik: Napoli can match Juventusby Carlos Volcano9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveNapoli striker Arkadiusz Milik insists they can match Juventus.Milik believes the runaway Serie A leaders can still be caught.He said, “Coming back after two injuries and being at your best isn’t easy. My knee injuries took me out of shape, so I have to get back to my best and keep growing.“We can all do better. I’m happy with what I’m right doing now, but let’s look ahead. We want to go all the way this season and anything is still possible.“We’re strong, so why don’t we try to stop Juventus? Let’s look ahead to the games we have coming up.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

14 days agoLaLiga president Tebas hopes to see Neymar return to Spain

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say LaLiga president Tebas hopes to see Neymar return to Spainby Carlos Volcano14 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLaLiga president Javier Tebas admits he’d like to see Neymar return to Spain.The PSG star was a target for Real Madrid and former club Barcelona, though ultimately remained a PSG player when the summer market shut.However, Tebas still retains hope of seeing Neymar in the LaLiga again.”Neymar, Mourinho, Guardiola … There is room for everyone,” he said. “Neymar is currently at PSG, and his arrival seemed unrealistic at the time, and I think the transfer window is not ready for him yet.” last_img read more

Hundreds of Indigenous human remains at Canadian universities

first_imgMartha TroianAPTN InvestigatesUniversities across the country are housing hundreds of Indigenous human remains, ranging from small bones fragments to complete skeletons and some from as far back as the ninth century.Repatriation of remains to the communities they originated from is slow but they should be returned, said Ry Moran, the director of the National Centre for the Truth and Reconciliation.Many of those human remains have been with the universities since the 1920s and they are stored in plastic bins, wooden trays and even cardboard boxes, APTN Investigates has learned from a survey of more than 12 universities across Canada.Institutions were asked a set of questions about Indigenous human remains within their institutions and just one, the University of Saskatchewan said they did not have remains.McGill University does not have remains onsite, but since 1987, the 200 skeletal parts belonging to the university have been stored at the McCord Museum in Montreal.“We’ve got this very unbalanced country right now, these materials, humans remains, cultural artifacts are scattered throughout the world, many of them taken without any consent from the community at all,” said Moran.“The communities themselves have been prevented from, and disempowered from creating cultural institutions of their own and that’s by virtue of the Indian Act…so it’s just a real challenge.”Ranging from bone fragments to complete skeletonsOf the 12 universities contacted, the University of Toronto has the highest number of Indigenous human remains, with 550 individuals, all of which are bone fragments.Edward Banning, Professor and Graduate Chair in the Department of Anthropology with the university, stated that the oldest remains are dated to the ninth century with most remains from the 17th century.“Human remains, for spiritual reasons, need to be put at rest and it is completely wrong for any people to have human remains in their institutions,” said activist and artist Christi Belcourt.“People’s bodies need to be respected.”(Christi Belcourt)Memorial University of Newfoundland has the second highest number of Indigenous human remains with approximately 197 individuals, both complete and incomplete.Even though the Rooms Corporation — the home of the provincial museum — is responsible for the remains, they are housed at the university wrote Mark Ferguson, the manager of collections at the museum, in an email.These Indigenous remains date as far back as 7,000 years ago.The University of British Columbia was unable to provide the total number of human remains, stating an analysis would have to be conducted.APTN asked for an estimate, but the institution declined to provide one.Generally, most universities have Indigenous remains ranging from small bone fragments to multiple full skeletons. Remains are also predominantly from the same province the university is located in.For example, the University of Victoria houses remains primarily from Vancouver Island.UVic was unable to provide the number of remains because they are fragmentary and no attempt has been made to identify whether they belong to one or more individuals.In some institutions, the remains come from other parts of a province or country.Of the 63 human remains held by Western University based in London, Ont., one skull is from Nunavut.The University of Manitoba has remains from British Columbia, North Dakota, Florida and even Ghana in its collection.Most Indigenous remains in these universities are stored in plastic bags, then in specialized cardboard boxes and placed on shelves or in cabinets.These remains arrive at these institutions in a variety of ways, such as through archaeological excavations, development projects and construction sites.Some remains are also handed over to the universities after police departments determine they are not of forensic interest.Repatriation slow and recentAlthough some universities are repatriating Indigenous human remains back to their rightful communities, the process has been slow and a long time coming.Recent examples include the University of Winnipeg, who returned 18 individuals in 2017, with six more scheduled in spring 2018. Currently, the university has 145 remains made up of a single tooth to a complete skeleton.Western University returned remains to a nearby Indigenous community in mid-October 2017.The largest repatriation to date was done by the University of Toronto, returning approximately 1,760 remains in 2013. The remains were in most cases from ossuaries, the university said.With approximately 59 First Nation partial remains at its institution, John Danakas, executive director with public affairs at the University of Manitoba said only one request was made by an Indigenous group in the last 27 years for the return of remains.The bones were eventually repatriated in 2002. Danakas stated no other requests have been made since then.Some institutions will either work with one community or several to return remains, as in the case of the University of Alberta, who previously worked with 14 communities across the province to rebury 25 individuals near Lacombe in 2014.“If we don’t do it ourselves it doesn’t get done”“We need to find a new path forward but communities have been so disempowered over the years that we have to ask ourselves if there’s a capacity and that’s really fundamental,” said Ry Moran, referring to whether communities have a place for these remains.“It is now only Indigenous people that can really determine what should happen with this material and new conversations have to be happening across the country.”(Ry Moran)APTN asked the universities what they’re doing to help repatriate more remains.Many said they welcome the opportunity to work with anyone who requests the return of remains but not all institutions have repatriation policies.Lakehead University and UVic are among those that do not have a repatriation policy.For some universities, covering the cost to get some of these returns back to Indigenous communities is not an option.“In terms of the actual cost, that is a burden on the community. They bear the cost of coming down, they bear of the cost of return, they bear the cost of any ceremony that takes place,” said Susan Rowley, the director with the Laboratory of Archaeology at UBC.“That’s something that is very difficult,” Rowley said.UBC will help with the paperwork and any events that might take place on the day remains are returned.“I think history has proven that if we don’t do it ourselves it doesn’t get done,” said Christi Belcourt.“We can say that others should pay for this and they should, but is that the reality of what will happen? No.”[email protected] Follow @ozhibiiigelast_img read more