Islamic State, a Fundamentalist Threat to the West

first_imgBy Dr. Hugo Harvey, Strategic Studies Institute, Chilean Army War College July 22, 2016 ISIS. Everyone knows the word. Saying it is enough to bring an image of death, decapitations, and limitless atrocities. Nevertheless, there are still a large number of questions regarding the origin, potential ways in which to control excesses, and what it means, in other words, its presence to the world in general and for the West in particular. ISIS, or the Islamic State is not just a terrorist group. It is not a state, as its name would like to convince you. It is a political and military organization that supports a radical interpretation of Islam as a political philosophy, with the intent of imposing that vision of the world by force to Muslims and non Muslims alike. Expelled from al-Qaeda for being too extreme, ISIS says it is the legitimate guide for all Sunni Muslims in the entire world. They have established what they believe is a state that includes large portions of land in Syria and Iraq and is governed from Raqqa in Syria. The group has had many names. It began as a group called Jamaat al-Tawhid wa-i-Jihad (JTWJ), founded in 1999 by Abu Musa al-Zarqawi. The name lasted until 2004, when it changed to al-Qaeda in the Land of Two Rivers (better known as al-Qaeda in Iraq, or AQI). In 2006 it began calling itself Majlis Shura al-Mujahedin (Mujahideen Shura Council, or MSC), and until 2013, it called itself Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). It finally settled on the terror-inducing name we all know, Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), where “al-Sham” refers to the “Great Syria”. That is, it includes Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel. Daesh is the Arab acronym of its full name: al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham. French President François Hollande, together with U.S. President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry, refer to the group by this name, which has several explanations. First of all, to delegitimize the group and abstain from associating the group with a “state” as they hope to do, by confusing people. Secondly, they use it to avoid associating it to Islam, which seems to be one of the goals of the attacks in Paris: Invite repression against Muslims to begin a spiral or escalation of violence. Most importantly, Daesh also has a negative connotation. In fact, depending on its Arab conjugation, it may mean “step over, or flatten with your feet”, or “intolerant”, something ISIS rejects and has banned people from using to refer to them. Since May 2010, the leader has been Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, but until 2014, his only known photo is from a police report resulting from time spent captured by the United States in Camp Bucca during the occupation of Iraq. Then, on July 5th, 2015, he appeared at the pulpit of the al-Nuri Grand Mosque, in Mosul, where he gave a sermon during Ramadan as the first calif in generations. That is how, in a short time, he went from a sought-after guerrilla member to self proclaiming himself as “commander” of all Muslims. Yet, it would be a mistake to affirm that Islam is a religion that promotes hate and death. No religion does. Some Muslims have wrongly interpreted a message delivered in the context of over 1,400 years ago. For example, slavery existed at the time of Mohammed, but Qur’an limits it and grants certain rights to slaves, it allows them to buy their own freedom, and exhorts their owners to free them. Something similar happens in the Bible in Ephesians 6:5-9, when he refers to the responsibilities of the slaves and their owners. But nowadays, when slavery is illegal, those words are irrelevant. That is the trouble with Daesh, interpreting everything literally. They don’t understand that in 14 centuries, social and historical circumstances have changed, and some of what the Prophet said was appropriate for the context in which he lived.last_img read more

Friday people roundup [updated]

first_imgRobeco, AP4, SPP, MN, NN Belgium, European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority, PensionsEuropeRobeco – Hester Borrie and Hans Rademaker are to leave the executive board as of 1 May. Borrie has been head of global distribution and marketing since 2009. Rademaker has been CIO since he joined the €268bn global asset manager in 2010. Last year, Roderick Munsters left as chief executive after six years. Robeco was taken over by Japan’s Orix Corporation in 2013. At the moment, Robeco’s executive board (RvB) comprises David Steyn (chief executive), Leni Boeren (COO) and Roland Toppen, who is responsible for finance. The company declined to comment on the sudden departure of Borrie and Rademaker but said their responsibilities would be carried out by the remaining RvB members for the time being.AP4 – Sarah McPhee has been named chair of AP4, returning to the Swedish buffer fund she left more than a decade ago. McPhee, who until last year was chief executive of insurer SPP, replaces Monica Caneman, who has served as AP4’s chair since 2008. Prior to joining SPP in 2008, McPhee spent four years as CIO at Sweden’s largest pension provider, AMF. She also spent three years as head of ALM and compliance at AP4.MN – The €115bn asset manager and pensions provider has appointed Liesbeth Sinke as chief financial and risk officer. Effective 1 June, Sink is to become a member of the four-strong executive board, which also includes René van de Kieft (chief executive), Henri den Boer (pensions and insurance) and Gerald Cartigny (asset management). Her appointment comes in the wake of the reduction of MN’s executive team from eight members to four. Sinke is CFO at NN Belgium, a subsidiary of NN Group. Before then, she worked for insurance broker Marsh, consultancy Aon and ABN/Amro bank. European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) – Matti Leppälä, secretary general at PensionsEurope, has been elected chair of EIOPA’s pension stakeholder group (OPSG), succeeding Philip Shier. Leppälä, who has been with the European industry group since 2011, was previously the OPSG’s deputy chair, serving under Benne van Popta and Shier, following the former’s resignation mid-term in 2015. The OPSG, which met on 28 April for the first time since 21 new members were named, also elected Bernard Delbecque as deputy chairman.last_img read more

Monk unhappy with Kone challenge

first_imgSwansea manager Garry Monk felt Everton striker Arouna Kone was fortunate to escape a red card in the 1-1 draw at the Liberty Stadium. “It also stopped what would have been one of the goals of the season so I’m very disappointed with that.” Martinez insisted referee Oliver should have applied common sense rather than awarding Swansea their point-saving penalty which denied Everton a fourth straight league victory. “The penalty was a soft moment to drop two points,” Martinez said. “Seamus is clear that he feels contact, he gets in front of the striker trying to get there and if you don’t press the brakes quick enough you are going to get some contact. “The referee at that point has to make a decision whether it’s a free-kick or not, but what clearly happens is that Seamus loses his balance and as he falls to the ground he ends up touching the ball. “It’s very, very harsh of the referee to give the penalty and I think he should have applied some common sense. “We had two or three actions straight after and it was given as a free-kick and it’s disappointing you don’t get that consistency. “It’s an unfortunate moment when you have a defender off balance and falling into the 18-yard box and it’s a huge punishment for our performance. “It feels like a defeat. We scored a very good goal from open play and the only criticism in the first 25 minutes of the second half was that it was too easy and we did not try to get the second goal.” Kone left Swansea defender Federico Fernandez writhing on the floor in the first half following an aerial challenge which earned the Ivorian a yellow card from referee Michael Oliver. Everton manager Martinez said he would have to examine television replays before giving a view on the incident, but his former Swansea team-mate Monk was in no doubt Kone had led with the arm and that he was lucky to stay on the pitch. “I’ve seen players sent off for less than that,” Monk said. “I don’t want to see players sent off but I thought it was a hard challenge. “Federico was the clear favourite to get the ball and I thought he (Kone) was lucky to get away with that.” Swansea equalled their best Barclays Premier League points tally of 47 as Jonjo Shelvey cancelled out Aaron Lennon’s first-half opener after 69 minutes. The spot-kick was awarded when the prostrate Seamus Coleman handled just inside the area and Monk, contradicting Martinez’s claim that it was a soft penalty, said the Republic of Ireland defender was actually guilty of two offences, a foul on substitute Marvin Emnes as well as handball. “Coleman is expecting the contact, he doesn’t get it which surprises him a little bit, and Marvin nips in front of him,” Monk said. “Put that anywhere else on the pitch and it’s a foul, so it’s a penalty, and the handball makes it two fouls in one.” Monk also questioned the decision to disallow Jonjo Shelvey’s spectacular first-half effort, ruled out for a Wayne Routledge foul on Leighton Baines with the game goalless. “I thought that free-kick was very marginal, very harsh,” Monk said. Press Associationlast_img read more

Džeko visited the Olympic Committee in B&H

first_imgFootball player of the national representation of B&H, Edin Džeko visited the Olympic Committee today.The management of the Olympic Committee in B&H and the Faculty of Sport and Physical   Education of the University of Sarajevo joined Edin for a one hour discussion and talked about the current positive sport events in B&H.Edin expressed his deepest gratitude and satisfaction because of the fact that Sarajevo and East Sarajevo are the hosts of the EYOF in 2017 and because of the overall positive atmosphere in the football headquarters of B&H.The president of the Olympic Committee in B&H, Professor Izet Rađo supported the candidacy of Edin Džeko for the City of Sarajevo Awards in Honor of April 6th.last_img read more

McLOONE: ‘WE WON’T SIT BACK AND ENJOY DONEGAL SUCCESS FOR 10 YEARS’

first_imgDONEGAL All-Ireland winner Leo McLoone says he and his team-mates won’t reflect on their careers until they’re over.He was speaking ahead of this Sunday’s Ulster sem-final clash with Down at Breffni Park (throw-in 2pm)..“I think the time to sit back and enjoy it might be in 10 or 15 years time when it’s all over. We will look back and reflect at how good things were,” he said. “But at the minute it was just kind of straight back into this year, there wasn’t much time to reflect on it. I think we drew the line in January that last year was over and the focus was now May 26 (the match against Tyrone) and thankfully we won and hopefully will keep it going now again.“Down had a great win in Celtic Park against Derry, it’s a very hard place to go and get a win, but we know how good they are. They’ve six very good forwards who take a lot of watching. Even from last year’s game, it was a lot tighter than the score-line reflected. I think we definitely know how good they are.”Karl Lacey is definitely out of the game after he underwent surgery on a knee cartilage injury two weeks ago.“He didn’t train with the team at all last week, so I don’t think there’s any hope, sadly,” said Leo. “Jim will have to look into the strength in depth of the squad and hopefully that the men in there can come on and do as good a job.”McLoone says Jim McGuinness has had a huge influence on him personally and the rest of the squad.“Jim was always someone we looked up to around my age group. He would have been playing for Donegal when I was a boy and we always looked up to him. For a while it was strange to be playing with him, but now he’s back in management.“There are four of us on the Donegal panel from Glenties (Anthony Thompson, Marty Boyle and Dermot Molloy are the others) and we always had great admiration for Jim,” he added.Donegal play Down in the Ulster GAA Football Championship semi-final on Sunday, June 23 at Kingspan Breffni Park, Cavan. www.gaa.ieMcLOONE: ‘WE WON’T SIT BACK AND ENJOY DONEGAL SUCCESS FOR 10 YEARS’ was last modified: June 19th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:McLOONE: ‘WE WON’T SIT BACK AND ENJOY DONEGAL SUCCESS FOR 10 YEARS’last_img read more